The number of Americans filing applications for unemployment benefits unexpectedly fell last week, pointing to sustained labor market strength even as the economy slows.
Initial claims for state unemployment benefits slipped 1,000 to a seasonally adjusted 211,000 for the week ended May 18, the Labor Department said on Thursday. Data for the prior week was unrevised.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast claims would rise to 215,000 in the latest week. The Labor Department said no states were estimated last week.
Claims are settling down after some volatility in late April caused by difficulties adjusting the data for seasonal fluctuations around moving holidays like Easter, Passover and school spring breaks.
The four-week moving average of initial claims, considered a better measure of labor market trends as it irons out week-to-week volatility, dropped 4,750 to 220,250 last week.
Continuing strength in labor market conditions is seen supporting growth amid signs that economic activity is slowing after a temporary boost from volatile exports and inventory accumulation in the first quarter.
Retail sales and production at factories fell in April, while the housing market has mostly remained soft. The economy, which grew at a 3.2% annualized rate in the first quarter, is losing speed as last year’s massive stimulus from the Trump administration’s tax cuts and spending increases fades.
Gross domestic product estimates for the second quarter are below a 2.0% rate.
Last week’s claims data covered the survey period for the nonfarm payrolls component of May’s employment report.
The four-week average of claims increased 18,750 between the April and May survey periods, suggesting some moderation in employment gains after payrolls surged by 263,000 jobs last month. The unemployment rate is near a 50-year low of 3.6%.
Thursday’s claims report showed the number of people receiving benefits after an initial week of aid rose 12,000 to 1.68 million for the week ended May 11.
The four-week moving average of the so-called continuing claims increased 5,500 to 1.67 million.